Neuropathy is a basic term signifying disturbances in the regular performance of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied therefore is the treatment. Numerous a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is generally concentrated on preventing further development of the nerve damage and other supportive measures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are generally treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by offering the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is because of faulty absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and reduce the signs and oftentimes there is some long-term damage to nerves and persistent signs in spite of therapy. Just recently neuropathy due to copper shortage has likewise been found. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the action varies and may take many months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve included. Again, each neuropathy is special and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary illness causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally supportive.
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food item triggering neuropathy. Neuropathy may also be because of toxic result of certain drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, anti-Cancer drugs and many others. Treatment in this case is generally discontinuation of the drug or dose decrease. There may be some specific treatment in specific cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by giving pyridoxine in addition to it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreversible and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing additional progression of the nerve damage and other helpful procedures to prevent any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the allergen food item triggering neuropathy.
Whatever the initial cause, your nerves reacted with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they decreased their length and volume to maintain themselves, and the gaps in between the nerves(synapse) were extended. A normal sized nerve signal might no longer jump this gap. Thus nerve impulses, both those going up to the brain and those coming down from the brain were impaired.
Integrated microprocessors procedures several physiological functions of your nerves and immediately adjusts itself to your particular healing needs, starting with the first healing signal.
When the system is first turned on, it determines the electrical analog resistance and digital impedance and sets its output parameters for your physical mass. If it is dealing with a 125 lb lady or a 350 pound man, it knows. It understands that if you use it directly on your lower back.
Specialized stimulator then sends a "test" signal that represents the most common waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. This signal goes from one foot, up the leg, to the nerve roots in your lower back, down the other leg, to the other foot. It then waits on an echo-like action from this initial signal.
It then evaluates this 'return" signal to figure out any aberrations.
Just as a cardiologist can take one look at the shape of the signal showed on an EKG monitor, and identify exactly what is wrong with the heart, we have had the ability to identify that the peripheral nerves have an extremely specific shape to its waveform. Therefore we can identify the nature of the issue by analyzing that waveform. This feature is developed into the stimulator and processed by its internal microprocessor.
Problems in the shape of the waveform on the way up suggests concerns with numbness; the shape of the top of the waveform suggests the capability of the nerve to deliver the signal long enough for the brain to get all of it; abnormalities in the down slope of the waveform shows pain, and the shape of the refractory period as the afferent neuron repolarize's itself shows the ability of the nerve path to get ready for the next signal.
The device should then produce, and send out, a compensating waveform, to 'smooth out' these irregularities, really much like the way sound canceling earphones work.
This process goes on 7.83 times every second, sending out a signal, examining the returning signal, creating a compensating signal, and sending this new signal. It is continuously examining your response, and adjusting itself, to carefully coax your nerve's capability to send and receive correct signals.
These impulses are sent 7.83 times per second since that is how long it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself in between its transmission of nerve signals. Minerals like calcium, salt, and potassium must pass here back and forth through the cell wall of the nerves. This is why a common TENS merely obstructs the nerve signals.
The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to get from one leg to the other), produce a little electro-magnetic field that is picked up by the nerves in your central nervous system (spine) and a signal is submitted to the brain to let it understand exactly what is taking place in the back location. The brain then releases endorphins, internal pain relievers that travel through the blood stream to all parts of the body.
Whatever the original cause, your nerves reacted with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they minimized their length and volume to maintain themselves, and the spaces in between the nerves(synapse) were stretched. A normal sized nerve signal could no longer jump this gap. Specialized stimulator then sends out a "test" signal that represents the most common waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. These impulses are sent out 7.83 times per 2nd since that is how long it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself in between its transmission of nerve signals. The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to get from one leg to the other), develop a little electro-magnetic field that is picked up by the nerves in your main worried system (spinal column) and a signal is uploaded to the brain to let it know what is happening in the lumbar area.